The geology is the study of Earth means its interior and exterior surface, the rocks and other materials that are around us. Geology is the scientific study of the Earth, including the materials that it is made of the physical and chemical processes that occur on its surface and the history of the planet and its life forms.
Geology has a various sectors like petrology, mineralogy, hydrology and many more. There are three types of rocks in geology are igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic. Geologists find the age of rocks and minerals too. All the sectors have a vast field to do study individually. Geologists do study of rocks to find out the precious metals from the rocks. They will guide to find out metals and process to separate from the rock. They will help to find oil and gas too.
Geologists do study on various disasters like volcano, landslides, earthquake and many more. They study on previous disasters and make a guide map according to that knowledge for the future. They will show which area is in high alert zone for upcoming disasters and which are in safe zones. They find out the faults, structure, fractures on the rocks and do study of earth plates.
Geology is a very good subject for research type of jobs in world. All mining company compulsory requires geologist. Like cement plant, Ongc, Ntpc, Thermal power company etc. They are mostly work for major industries like petrochemicals, minning, metals etc to find out the precious oil, gas, minerals and many more. Petrochemicals industries pay a great package to the geologists. It is a very good future option for the students who loves earth study and research type work and determine to make their future in research and development with earth studies.
Geology has a various fields in many different areas of specialization like Earth Science Teachers, Economic Geologists, Engineering Geologists, Environmental Geologists, Geochemist, Geology Professor, Geomorphologists, Geophysicists, Glacial or Quaternary Geologists, Hydro Geologists, Hydrologists, Marine Geologists, Mineralogists, Paleontologists, Petroleum Geologists, Petrologists, Sedimentologists, Seismologists, Stratigraphers, Structural Geologists, Volcanologists.